Substantive Consolidation

The doctrine of substantive consolidation (generally- the power of a bankruptcy court to consolidate the assets and liabilities of affiliated entities in bankruptcy) is a recognized remedy exercised by bankruptcy courts – one that strikes fear into the hearts of many lenders. Justifiably so. The doctrine can be employed to order the substantive consolidation of related-debtor entities in bankruptcy and it can also be employed to substantively consolidate the assets of a debtor in bankruptcy with those of a related entity that is not a debtor in bankruptcy. Picture this: A parent entity files for bankruptcy and all the goodies are in a series of subsidiaries and the companies have never respected corporate niceties. The bankruptcy court presiding over the bankruptcy of the debtor-parent entity orders that the non-bankrupt SPE borrower will be dragged into bankruptcy and its assets used to satisfy the creditors of both the SPE borrower and the parent. Ta da.
Continue Reading Substantive Consolidation: It’s Alive and Well (or Maybe Just Alive)